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Serigraph Painting Is Also Known As Printing On Screens

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Serigraph painting is also referred to as printing on screens.  Color is allowed to go through a stencil that is made of a material such as silk, and it will have sections that hold color and sections that do not.  This allows images to be put onto just about any type of a surface ranging from clothing to various different types of harder surfaces such as ceramics or hardwoods. 

There was a similar type of art used in ancient Japan.  It involved using paper that was waterproofed to reproduce pictures.  There was also a similar type of art used in the Fiji Islands.  This was done by using the leaves of banana trees.  Dating back to B.C. times, there was a similar type of art used in China as well.  While there is an argument whether any of these art forms are one that this type mimics, the actual art form from which serigraph painting is derived from received a patent at the turn of the 20th century in England.  It was also first used in this country in 1914. 

From that time forward, serigraph painting has been seen on everything from T-shirts to large posters and art work such as reproductions of artist’s renderings.  Perhaps one of the most well-known artists to use this type of transfer method was Andy Warhol.  He is acknowledged as the person who helped to make this a popular method of image transfer.  Many people remember his 1962 image of Marilyn Monroe.  This was very ground breaking for the times because it was a head shot of Marilyn Monroe in abnormal colors.  Her face was depicted with hues of purple and lavender, and this was rather different for the time period. 

From there on, there are many artists whose names are synonymous with serigraph painting.  Blexbolex, Okamura, Rauschberg and Gottlieb are just a few of the famous artists that are known for this type of image transfer. 

Serigraph painting takes place in three different types of presses which are flat bed, cylinder, and rotary.  The rotary is that which is most often employed.  The image can then be reprinted numerous times, or the stencil can be reset and cleaned for the next image. 

There are many different types of inking materials that can be used for this process including but not limited to:

•    Caviar beads
•    Cracking ink
•    Discharge ink
•    Expanding ink
•    Flocking
•    CMYK colors
•    Glitter
•    Gloss
•    Metallic
•    Mirrored Silver
•    Plastisol
•    Water based ink

The type of ink that is used varies depending on the type of surface or material that will be printed on and the results that are desired such as a solid type of surface versus a cracked type of surface.  Some processes involve metal shavings being inserted into the ink as well as additives being put in the ink to cause it to have a raised effect on a garment or other type of surface.  The necessary end result will shape the need for the various types of inking materials.


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Hisotry Behind The Serigraph Print

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